Abstract: In OFDM multiple carriers are used and it provides higher level of spectral efficiency as compared to Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM). In OFDM because of loss of orthogonality between the subcarriers there is inter carrier interference (ICI) and inter symbol interference (ISI) and to overcome this problem use of cyclic prefixing (CP) is required, which uses 20% of available bandwidth. Comparison between the conventional FFT based OFDM systems of conventional modulation methods over AWGN. in-depth analysis of the zero forcing (ZF) and minimum mean squared error (MMSE) equalizers applied to wireless multi-input multi-output (MIMO) systems with no fewer receive than transmit antennas. In spite of much prior work on this subject, we reveal several new and surprising analytical results in terms of output signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), by comparing the Bit Error Rate (BER) and the average detection time consuming. Simulation based on the platform of MATLAB.
Keywords: ICI, ISI , ZF, MMSE, MIMO.