Abstract: This paper is a review of the issues faced when TCP is used over wireless cellular networks further to that proposed solutions to these issues. The problem is ?rst characterized by the TCP operation followed by characteristics of wireless channels that affect performance. Different Wireless generations are compared as they determine nature and severity of problems when TCP is used. Further to this paper provides proposals made to resolve the problem. Performance degradation is considered based on examples from previous studies.

Keywords: Standard TCP, mobile wireless network, TCP performance, end-to-end, 3DA, M-TCP, Freeze TCP.