Abstract: A review on current advancement in gigabit passive optical network technologies to standardized economical system is investigated in this paper and also establishes cost-effective solutions and potential areas of application. The next-generation gigabit passive optical networks are required to provide flexible and various services to users in a cost-effective way. A GPON system is a bi-directional point-to-multipoint network architecture deploying optical access lines between a carrier’s central office and customer sites. The GPON standard has more speed as compare to all other PON standards.

Keywords: Gigabit Passive Optical Network (GPON), PON standards, APON, BPON, EPON, GEPON.