Abstract: In this paper, the Detection of the Moving Object is done based on Background Subtraction & Frame Differencing techniques. A moving object can be detected by employing various methods such as, by taking the difference between two Images. In this paper, detection of a moving object is performed by using two different techniques: a Background Subtraction technique, two frame difference technique; which are implemented in Matlab. The results of these two techniques are then compared in regards with PSNR and observed that the two frame difference technique can detect the region of the moving object effectively, even in a complex background, when compared with the Background Subtraction algorithms. The PSNR of two frame difference is 72.77683 at threshold 20, at the same threshold, PSNR of background subtraction is found to be 72.76551.

Keywords: Moving Object; Frame Difference; Background Subtraction.