Abstract: The Cuckoo Search is an optimization algorithm developed by Yang and Deb in 2009. It is used in solving optimization problems. It was inspired by a bird species named cuckoo that lays their eggs in the nest of other host birds. The cuckoo egg laying and breeding is the first basic motivation for the development of new optimization algorithm. This optimization algorithm increases the efficiency, accuracy, and convergence rate. In this paper, a brief review is given about the cuckoo search algorithm and also about the optimization and its problems. Different categories of the cuckoo search and several applications of the cuckoo search are reviewed.

Keywords: Optimization, Cuckoo Search, Levy Flight