Abstract: The increasing demand for wireless communication introduces efficient spectrum utilization challenge. To address this challenge, cognitive radio (CR) is emerged as the key technology; which enables opportunistic access to the spectrum. CR is a form of wireless communication in which a transceiver can intelligently detect which communication channels are in use and which are not, and instantly move into vacant channels while avoiding occupied ones. This optimizes the use of available radio-frequency (RF) spectrum while minimizing interference to other users. In this paper, we present a state of the art on the use of Multi Agent Systems (MAS) for spectrum access using cooperation and competition to solve the problem of spectrum allocation and ensure better management. Then we are discussing an approach which uses the CR for improving wireless communication for a single cognitive radio mobile terminal (CRMT).

Keywords: Cognitive Radio, wireless communications, mobility, Artificial Intelligence, Multi Agent Systems.